ANALYSIS OF SAFETY ASPECTS OF COOPERATIVE HUMAN-MACHINE INTERFACES FOR CLOUD-BASED ADVANCED DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS

Е. В. Брежнев, В. С. Манулик, В. С. Харченко, А. А. Орехов

Abstract


Intelligent transport systems (ITS) ensure the implementation of active safety paradigms and principles of human-machine interfaces (HMI) for vehicles. An overview of approaches to the construction of such systems based on cloud computing is provided. The concept of safe cooperative human-machine interfaces (CHMI) is formulated. Variants of implementation for safety improvement and reducing of risk of vehicle accidents by means of rapid data exchange about driver’s state, information about onboard systems state (such as Advanced Driver Assistance Systems) and traffic situation in the zone of potential danger and are suggested.

Keywords


vehicles, intelligent transport systems, human-machine interface, security, cloud computing

References


OECD/ITF (2016), Road Safety Annual Report 2016, Paris, OECD Publishing Publ., 2016, pp. 22.

Stepanov, V. Organizatsiya perevozok Transport s intellektom i dve glavnye bedy [Organization of transportation. Intellectual vehicles and the two major troubles]. Avtoperevozchik, 2009, no. 9(108), pp. 78. (In Russian).

Nesterov, V. I., Kosolapov, A. V. Arkhitektura sovremennykh zarubezhnykh intellektual'nykh transportnykh sistem [Architecture of modern foreign intelligent transport systems]. Vestnik Kuzbasskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universitetayu –Bulletin of the Kuzbass State Technical University. Kemerovo, 2004, no. 6.2, 2004, pp. 70–75. (In Russian).

Opel i proekt UR:BAN: povyshenie urovnya bezopasnosti i ekonomichnosti pri dvizhenii v gorodskikh usloviyakh [Opel and URBAN project: increasing the level of safety and efficiency in urban driving conditions]. Available at: http://media.gm.com/media/ru/ru/ gm/news.detail.html/content/Pages/news/ru/ru/2014/op el/05-14-urban-driving.html (аccessed 23.06.2016). (In Russian).

Kakie tekhnicheskie innovatsii Volvo vnedrila za poslednie 10 let [What technical innovations Volvo introduced over the past 10 years]. Available at: http:// www.autoconsulting.com.ua/article.php?sid=20720 (аccessed 28.06.2016). (In Russian).

«Tojota Motor Korporjejshn» (Japonija) predstavljaet novye sistemy bezopasnosti avtomobilej ["Toyota Motor Corporation" (Japan) introduced the new vehicle safety systems]. Available at: http://www.major-toyota.ru/news.html (аccessed 26.06.2016). (In Russian).

Orekhova, A. A. Information technology security evaluation of Human machine interfaces I&C systems. Information processing systems, 2013. vol. 1 (108), pp. 267 – 271.

Orekhova, A. A., Kharchenko, V. S., Tilinskiy, V. Safety case-oriented assessment of human-machine interface for NPP I&C system. Reliability: Theory & Applications, 2013, vol. 3 (26), pp. 27 – 38.

Danying, Gu., Shuhui, Zhang., Zhonghe, Ning. Study on a methodology of human factor engineering operating experience review for nuclear power plant. Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering ICONE18, Xi'an, China, May 17- 21. Xi'an, 2010, pp.723-730.

Orekhova, A. A, Kharchenko, V. S. Analiz vymoh do interfeysiv informatsiyno-upravlyayuchykh system AYeS [ Analysis interfaces information and control systems of nuclear power plants] Visny`k XNTU im. Petra Vasy`lenka. Texnichni nauky`. “Problemy` energozabezpechennya ta energozberezhennya v APK Ukrayiny`” – Bulletin of the KNTU. Petro Vasilenko. Engineering. "The problems of energy supply and energy efficiency in agriculture of Ukraine". Kharkiv, HNTUSG Publ., 2010, no. 102, pp. 109-111. (In Ukrainian).

Levenson, N. Systems-Theoretic Accident Modeling and Processes (STAMP). Safety Science. Amsterdam, 2014, vol. 4, pp. 237-270.

Monteil, J., Billot R., Sau, J., Armetta, F., Hassas, S. Cooperative highway traffic: multi-agent modeling and robustness assessment to local perturbations. Proceedings of 92 Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board. Washington, 2013, pp. 24.

Charissis, V., Papanastasiou, S. Artificial Intelligence Rationalefor Autonomous Vehicle Agents Behaviour in Driving Simulation Environment. Advances in Robotics, Automation and Control, Vienna, 2008, pp. 472.

Brezhnev, E. V., Kharchenko, V. S. Dynamical and Hierarchical Criticality Matrixes-Based Analysis of Power Grid Safety. Proceeding of ANS PSA 2011 International Topical Meeting on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Analysis, Wilmington, 2011, pp. 1137- 1149.

Cars In The Future : Human Machine Interface. Available at: http://www.rospa.com/ roadsafety/policy/carsinthefuture/human-machineinterface.aspx (аccessed 22.06.2016).

European Statement of Principles for invehicle information and communication systems. Brussels, Commission of the European Communities Publ., 2007, pp. 202-242.

Fowkes, M., Ward, D. D., Jesty, P. Recommended Methodology for a preliminary safety analysis of the HMI of an IVIS, 2005, vol. 4, pp. 5-61.

Rothrock, L., Koubek, R., Fuchs, F., Haas, M., Salvendy, G. Review and reappraisal of adaptive interfaces: toward biologically in-spired paradigms. Theoretical issues in ergonomics science, 2002, no. 3 (1), pp. 47 – 84.

Anokhin, A. N. Principy adaptivnogo interfejsa. [The principles of adaptive interface]. Trudy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Psihologija truda, inzhenernaja psihologija i jergonomika 2014» – Proceedings of the International scientific and practical conference "Work Psychology, engineering psychology and ergonomics 2014". SaintPetersburg, IREA Publ., 2014, pp. 353-359. (In Russian).

Justin Stoltzfus Cloud Computing for Vehicles: Tomorrow's High-Tech Car. Available at: http://www.techopedia.com/2/28137/trends/cloudcomputing/cloud-computing-for-vehicles-tomorrowshigh-tech-car (аccessed 26.06.2016).

Cloud Computing can Reengineer the Car Interiors. Available at: http://www.cbrdigital.com/ 2012/01/16/cloud-computing-can-reengineer-the-carinteriors.html (аccessed 25.06.2016).

Lynn Walford Volvo New Connected Car Features-Magnets, Real-Time Cloud Road Data & Driver Sensing. Available at: http://www. autoconnectedcar.com/2014/03/volvo-new-connectedcar-features-magnets-real-time-cloud-road-data-driversensing (аccessed 26.06.2016).

Michael Sheehan Cloud Computing Cars and Mobile Devices. Available at: http://scoop.intel. com/cloud-computing-cars-and-mobile-devices (аccessed 27.06.2016).

Tojota i Panasonic razrabatyvajut oblachnyj servis, kotoryj svjazhet avtomobili i bytovuju tehniku [Toyota and Panasonic are developing cloud service to link cars and household appliances]. Available at: http://panasonic.ru/press_center/news/detail/464204 (аccessed 01.07.2016). (In Russian).

Anokhin, A. N. Marchall, E. C. Adaptive human-system interface for control of complex systems (in application to nuclear power plant). Book of abstracts of the 21st European Meeting on Cybernetics and System Researches, EMCSR 2012, 10-13 April, 2012, Vienna, 2012, pp. 185-188.

Kharchenko, V. S., Orekhov, A. A., Brezhnev, E. V., Orekhova. A. A., Manulik, V. S. The Cooperative Human-Machine Interfaces for CloudBased Advanced Driver Assistance Systems: Dynamic Analysis and Assurance of Vehicle. Proceedings of IEEE East-West Design & Test Symposium (EWDTS’14), September 26–29, 2014, Kiev, 2014, pp. 72-77.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.