Ihor Mykolaiovych Kliushnikov, Herman Viktorovych Fesenko, Vyacheslav Serhiiovych Kharchenko


Motivation. After the Fukushima, nuclear power plant (NPP) accident, an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-enabled wireless network (UEWN) is considered to be used for transmitting the data from monitoring stations (MSs) to the crisis center (CrS) during NPP post-accident monitoring missions. Nevertheless, the popular lightweight UAVs have an endurance of about 20–40 minutes only. The last fact presents a significant barrier to use a UEWN in complex, long-term NPP post-accident monitoring missions. The subject matter of the paper is the process of ensuring the persistent operation of UEWN. This paper aims to propose an approach to ensuring the persistent operation of UEWN during NPP post-accident monitoring missions via automatic battery replacement stations (ABRSs). The objectives of the paper are: to propose a scheme of deployment of a UEWN with ABRSs for the given scenario; to give an example of the proposed scheme application for persistent transmitting the data from a MS to the CrS during Zaporizhzhia NPP (ZNPP) post-accident monitoring missions; to discuss an example of the proposed scheme application. The following results were obtained. A simplified scheme of deployment of a UEWN with ABRSs for transmitting the data from the MS to the CrS during NPP post-accident monitoring missions was developed and described. Two segments within the UEWN were considered: 1) Wi-Fi segment, comprising the WiFi equipment of the MS, the onboard WiFi equipment of the UAVs of a multi-rotor type (MUAVs), and onboard WiFi equipment of the UAV of an airplane-type (AUAV); 2) LoRaWAN segment, comprising the LoRaWAN equipment of the AUAV and the LoRaWAN equipment of the CrS. An example of deployment of a UEWN with ABRSs for transmitting the data from an MS of ZNPP to the CrS was given and described. A shift schedule for 2 MUAV fleets ensuring the persistent operation of the UEWN during post-accident ZNPP monitoring missions was built and analyzed. It was evaluated how the flight distance for the MUAV between its location point in the WiFi segment and the ABRS effects: the duty time for the MUAV fleet; the waiting time for the MUAV to flight to the point of its location in the WiFi segment; the number of the MUAV fleets for ensuring the persistent operation of the UEWN. The new research will aim at developing a scheme of deployment of the UEWN with ABRSs for several WiFi segments


unmanned aerial vehicle; nuclear power plant; a wireless network; WiFi; LoRaWAN; post-accident monitoring; monitoring station; a crisis center

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