Н. В. Острянська


The purpose of the article is to comprehend and analyze the peculiarities of the text of the document as a communicative unit of written business language.

Important communicative qualities of written business language are concentrated in the main element of the document, in the unit of written language - the text. The defining function of the text is to be a means of social communication in all spheres of public life.

The text and its actual implementation is the problem of developing a culture of writing, the solution of which involves knowing the laws of logical and lexical word compatibility, the ability to use verbal formulas, distinguish the stylistic features of texts, and select appropriate language material for them.

The text as the main element of writing has such communicative qualities: brevity, consistency of presentation of the material, conciseness, semantic accuracy, consistency, objectivity, simplicity, expressiveness of language and style and accuracy of thought. They are expressed in language constructs and verbal formulas of texts of different levels (reports, business letters, contracts, orders), in logical elements (introduction, evidence, conclusions).

In the practice of modern office work, general requirements have been developed for the creation of texts of documents, some certain basic rules that ensure the realization of communicative qualities of business language and compliance with lexical, grammatical and stylistic norms.

The text of the document is the basis for the use of didactic materials for various educational work.

In our opinion, an important form of educational work on the formation of communication skills is the editing of texts of documents.

Tasks and exercises on the correct choice of synonyms, grammatical forms for compiling the text of the document form the ability of students to distinguish the meanings of words, develop a sense of language and intuition.

In the course of the study, the author of the article comes to the conclusion that it is necessary to be creative in studying business language, taking into account the level of students' knowledge, and not to forget that the text, as a real communicative unit of the document, also performs an important educational function. When flawlessly edited and formatted, the text is a part of the reputation, additional advertising, a part of the image of the enterprise, institution, organization where students will work, a kind of business card, and a sign of a high management culture.


document, text, communicative qualities, culture of paperwork, oral activity


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32620/gch.2019.3.10


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