COERCION MECHANISMS OF THE PRIMITIVE CULTURE AS PREPARATION FOR MAKING THE “MORAL MAN”

Svetlana Chmykhun, Maryna Mkrtchyan

Abstract


Philosophic and anthropological analysis helps to distinguish the idea of order, which is well-defined with regard to human behaviour control levers and regulatory imperatives at various historic stages and in different cultures. Namely, formation of coercion both in the anthropological and culture study of the humankind culture was preceded by the forms of relations and actions somehow difficult to be qualified.

With regard to the historic periodization, the archaic takes the first two steps in the scheme «savagery – barbarity – civilization». Within the framework of the formation approach, this stage of historic development is called a primitive society. Any regulation in the given societies can be characterized as premoral and the emergence of cultural forms of coercion dates back to the period of the civilized society establishment.

The main aim of the research is an attempt to form a systematized idea of an individual in the system of moral imperatives emergence and general coercion system development laws in the primitive societies. Such coercion phenomena as restrictive procedures have been studied.

The research represents an approach to solving an old problem of coercion formation in establishing social relations in the archaic society. In the study process, it has become clear that coercion is characterized by numerous features and peculiarities studied in various sciences. The set tasks demand a complex synthetic approach and involvement of different sciences. Despite the great amount of publications, the issue of the coercion factor impact on communication, in particular, on restrictions and regulation of relations are still understudied and are not fully presented by the social and philosophic thought.

On balance, it is worth defining the basic criteria and the essence of coercion, which form the content and functions of means of regulating human interaction.

Among the least solved and the most controversial issues the following ones are the most important. Firstly, all the requirements as to understanding and application of such obligations and prohibitions, which unite people, must be defined and analyzed, their essence must be defined and, finally, they must be classified according to the means of impact regulating social relations. The research emphasis is made on the analysis of the content and forms of coercion means with regard to the stage of development of the human society characterized by a low level of culture.


Keywords


coercion procedure; primitive culture; self-organization; social relationships; system of values

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References


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