COOLING CAPACITY OF AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM ACCORDING TO CURRENT HEAT LOAD

Євген Іванович Трушляков, Андрій Миколайович Радченко, Микола Іванович Радченко, Ян Зонмін, Анатолій Анатолійович Зубарєв, Веніамін Сергійович Ткаченко

Abstract


The efficiency of the outdoor air conditioning systems application depends on how full the installed cooling capacity is applied, that is, with a more complete load and for as long as the possible yearly duration in actual climatic conditions. The production of cold is taken as a criteria of a quantitative evaluation of the efficiency of applying the cooling capacity of air conditioning systems – the amount of cold produced in accordance with its current demand for air conditioning, which in turn depends on the current consumption of cooling capacity and its duration and equals to their multiplication. It is obvious that the maximum value of the current amount of cold produced/consumed indicates an effective application of the installed cooling capacity. However, since the current demands of cooling capacity and their duration, that is, the amount of cold produced/consumed, depending on the changing current climatic conditions, they are characterized by significant fluctuations, which makes it difficult to choose the installed cooling capacity of the air conditioning system. Obviously, if we determine the amount of cold produced/consumed by its current values and summarized during the year, it is possible to significantly simplify the choice of the installed cooling capacity. At the same time, the current amount of cold produced/consumed causes a change in the rate of increment of the annual cold production with a change in the installed cooling capacity, and the maximum rate corresponds to the installed cooling capacity, which provides its efficient use. Proceeding from a different rate of increment of annual cold production with an increase in the installed cooling capacity of the air conditioning system due to a change in heat load in accordance with current climatic conditions during the year, the value of design heat load on the air conditioning system (installed cooling capacity) that provides maximum or close to it the rate of increment of the annual production of cold, and hence the maximum efficient use of installed cooling capacity is chosen

Keywords


air conditioning; cooling capacity; current cold demand; annual cold production; climatic conditions.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32620/aktt.2019.2.06

Copyright (c) 2019 Євген Іванович Трушляков, Андрій Миколайович Радченко, Микола Іванович Радченко, Ян Зонмін, Анатолій Анатолійович Зубарєв, Веніамін Сергійович Ткаченко